Friday, 26 August 2011

Short Answer .NET Interview Questions Part(2)

Q21. What is encapsulation?
Ans. Encapsulation is the OOPs concept of binding the attributes and behaviors in a class, hiding the implementation of the class and exposing the functionality.

Q22. What is Overloading?
Ans. When we add a new method with the same name in a same/derived class but with different number/types of parameters, the concept is called overluoad and this ultimately implements Polymorphism.

Q23. What is Overriding?
Ans. When we need to provide different implementation in a child class than the one provided by base class, we define the same method with same signatures in the child class and this is called overriding.

Q24. What is a Delegate?
Ans. A delegate is a strongly typed function pointer object that encapsulates a reference to a method, and so the function that needs to be invoked may be called at runtime.

Q25. Is String a Reference Type or Value Type in .NET?
Ans. String is a Reference Type object.

Q26. What is a Satellite Assembly?
Ans. Satellite assemblies contain resource files corresponding to a locale (Culture + Language) and these assemblies are used in deploying an application globally for different languages.

Q27. What are the different types of assemblies and what is their use?
Ans. Private, Public(also called shared) and Satellite Assemblies.

Q28. Are MSIL and CIL the same thing?
Ans. Yes, CIL is the new name for MSIL.

Q29. What is the base class of all web forms?
Ans. System.Web.UI.Page

Q30. How to add a client side event to a server control?
Ans. Example... BtnSubmit.Attributes.Add("onclick","javascript:fnSomeFunctionInJavascript()");

Q31. How to register a client side script from code-behind?
Ans. Use the Page.RegisterClientScriptBlock method in the server side code to register the script that may be built using a StringBuilder.

Q32. Can a single .NET DLL contain multiple classes?
Ans. Yes, a single .NET DLL may contain any number of classes within it.

Q33. What is DLL Hell?
Ans. DLL Hell is the name given to the problem of old unmanaged DLL's due to which there was a possibility of version conflict among the DLLs.

Q34. can we put a break statement in a finally block?
Ans. The finally block cannot have the break, continue, return and goto statements.

Q35. What is a CompositeControl in .NET?
Ans. CompositeControl is an abstract class in .NET that is inherited by those web controls that contain child controls within them.

Q36. Which control in is used to display data from an xml file and then displayed using XSLT?
Ans. Use the asp:Xml control and set its DocumentSource property for associating an xml file, and set its TransformSource property to set the xml control's xsl file for the XSLT transformation.

Q37. Can we run ASP.NET 1.1 application and ASP.NET 2.0 application on the same computer?
Ans. Yes, though changes in the IIS in the properties for the site have to be made during deployment of each.

Q38. What are the new features in .NET 2.0?
Ans. Plenty of new controls, Generics, anonymous methods, partial classes, iterators, property visibility (separate visibility for get and set) and static classes.

Q39. Can we pop a MessageBox in a web application?
Ans. Yes, though this is done clientside using an alert, prompt or confirm or by opening a new web page that looks like a messagebox.

Q40. What is managed data?
Ans. The data for which the memory management is taken care by .Net runtime’s garbage collector, and this includes tasks for allocation de-allocation.

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